Fungsi modal "shall...
 

Fungsi modal "shall" dan contoh penggunaannya pada kalimat


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Kita bisa menggunakan modal "shall untuk menyatakan situasi berikut ini:

a. Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang akan dilakukan, bila dirangkai dengan subjek T’ dan ‘we’.

  • We shall have a meeting tomorrow morning. (Saya akan ada rapat besok pagi.)
  • I shall help you. (Saya akan membantumu)
  • I shall do it. (Saya akan melakukannya.)

b. Bila dirangkai dengan subjek selain T’ dan ‘we’, menyatakan suatu kewajiban atau keharusan.

  • Employees shall comply with the company’s rules. -> harus patuh
  • You shall meet me tonight. -> harus bertemu

c. Menyatakan suatu tawaran atau ajakan, bila dirangkai dengan subjek ‘I’ dan ‘we’ dalam bentuk interrogative.

  • Shall I help you? -> Izinkah saya membantu kamu.
  • Shall we go now? -> Ayo kita pergi sekarang.
  • Shall I open the window? -> Saya bukakan sendela itu?

d. Menyatakan suatu janji.

  • You shall have a calculator. (Saya janjikan Anda akan memperoleh kalkulator.)
  • I shall meet you tomorrow morning by nine o'clock. (Saya (berjanji) akan menemui Anda menjelang pukul sembilan besok pagi.)

e. Menyatakan ancaman.

  • You shall be punished if you break the law. (Anda akan dihukum jika Anda melanggar hukum.)
  • You shall be sentenced to several years in prison if you commit a crime. (Anda akan dihukum penjara beberapa tahun jika Anda melakukan kejahatan.)
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Latihan soal modals

 
Mr. Jojon has a four-storey house and two Mercedes Benz. He ____ be rich.
You ..... be in hurry because you don't want to miss the train.
“May I pay outside with my friends?”
”No, you ____ stay in bed until the fever is gone.”
Dina: "Roni, that is the most popular book nowadays.
Roni: Oh yes. It must have been written by a distinguished professor.

From the dialogue we know that indeed a distinguished professor ____ that book.
Dewi: “____ post this letter?”
Neni: “I’m sorry, I have to do my assignment right now.”
Children ____ tell lies. It's very naughty.
John's a millionaire. He ____ go to work.
The museum is free. You ____ pay to get in.
Every students ____ come late to the class.
The meeting is over. You ____ leave now.