Fungsi modal "shall...
 

Fungsi modal "shall" dan contoh penggunaannya pada kalimat


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Joined: 3 years ago

Kita bisa menggunakan modal "shall untuk menyatakan situasi berikut ini:

a. Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang akan dilakukan, bila dirangkai dengan subjek T’ dan ‘we’.

  • We shall have a meeting tomorrow morning. (Saya akan ada rapat besok pagi.)
  • I shall help you. (Saya akan membantumu)
  • I shall do it. (Saya akan melakukannya.)

b. Bila dirangkai dengan subjek selain T’ dan ‘we’, menyatakan suatu kewajiban atau keharusan.

  • Employees shall comply with the company’s rules. -> harus patuh
  • You shall meet me tonight. -> harus bertemu

c. Menyatakan suatu tawaran atau ajakan, bila dirangkai dengan subjek ‘I’ dan ‘we’ dalam bentuk interrogative.

  • Shall I help you? -> Izinkah saya membantu kamu.
  • Shall we go now? -> Ayo kita pergi sekarang.
  • Shall I open the window? -> Saya bukakan sendela itu?

d. Menyatakan suatu janji.

  • You shall have a calculator. (Saya janjikan Anda akan memperoleh kalkulator.)
  • I shall meet you tomorrow morning by nine o'clock. (Saya (berjanji) akan menemui Anda menjelang pukul sembilan besok pagi.)

e. Menyatakan ancaman.

  • You shall be punished if you break the law. (Anda akan dihukum jika Anda melanggar hukum.)
  • You shall be sentenced to several years in prison if you commit a crime. (Anda akan dihukum penjara beberapa tahun jika Anda melakukan kejahatan.)
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Latihan soal modals

He went by bus, but he ..... by motorcycle.
I have lived in England for two years, I ..... speak English fluently.
A : I wonder why Jenny didn’t answer the doorbell.
B : Well, I suppose she ..... been a sleep.
If I have problems with my teeth, I think I ..... go to a dentist, not a veterinarian.
He ..... his homework by the time the teacher come to the class.
You ..... T-shirt school. That is prohibited.
A lot of students didn’t pass the English test yesterday. The test ..... difficult.
Why didn’t Charly apply for the job? He ..... gotten it.
My brother break a glass in the kitchen, so he ..... clean it or he will be punished.
I can’t find my bag anywhere. I’m sure I ..... left it in my room.