Perbedaan 'should',...

Perbedaan 'should', 'would', 'could', dan contoh kalimatnya

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Apa perbedaan 'should', 'would', dan 'could'?


Should digunakan ketika kita memberi saran, rekomendasi dan kewajiban serta suatu hal yang mungkin akan terjadi. Should digunakan pada kalimat present tense dan future tense.

Should hampir sama dengan must, namun pernyataannya tidak sekuat must.


  • You should always bring a sunblock when you go out swimming.
  • Once the pack is opened, the chicken inside should be consumed within five days.
  • Should I tell him that his girlfriend is cheating on him? | Yeah I think you should.

Should dapat digunakan bersama have + past participle sewaktu kita berbicara tentang masa lalu yang tidak terjadi, namun seharusnya terjadi.

Should have + past participle digunakan ketika jika membicarakan suatu harapan dan mengacu kepada masa lalu.

Contoh :

"You should try to smoke less, Bobby. Your health is getting worse," said Lisa. Lalu beberapa tahun berlalu, Bobby dan Lisa kembali bertemu."I should have given up smoking years ago, Lisa. If I had, I wouldn't be in such bad shape now," said Bobby.


Would digunakan jika kita membicarakan situasi yang sesungguhnya tidak terjadi, yang dapat timbul sekarang atau di masa depan.

Kita menggunakan past tense di if-clause and would + infinite di main clause.


  • How would you manage, if I wasn't here to help you?
  • Well, I would manage somehow. I would go out to eat or bring home a take-away. I would ask your mother to help me with the cleaning.

Jika kita ingin mengacu kepada masa lalu dan membuat pernyataan mengenai peristiwa yang tidak terjadi, kita gunakan had + past participle di if-clause dan would have di main clause.


  • If he had taken his umbrella, he would have stayed dry.


Could dapat digunakan untuk meminta izin, mengajukan permintaan, dan menyatakan kemampuan di masa lalu.

  • Could I borrow your black dress for the dinner tomorrow?
  • Could you do me a favour and pick my children up from the school?
  • I could already speak three languages by the time I was eight.

Bagaimana dengan could have? Could have dipakai untuk membicarakan masa lalu dan mengacu kepada hal yang dapat dilakukan seseorang di masa lalu, namun tidak/tidak berhasil dilakukan.

  • I could have gone to that university, if I'd passed the exam.
  • If he had trained harder, I'm sure he could have completed the swim.

Latihan soal could

Last Sunday, we ____ take any photos in the museum: it was forbidden.
Yesterday, Peter ____ do that exercise alone. So, he called me for help.
In 1900, people ____ watch TV.
Mary's grandfather ____ play chess and he was the best!
Her grandmother was bilingual: she ____ speak both English and Spanish.
We ____ open the door: it was locked from the inside!
In 1950, people ____ use mobile phones.
In 1945, people ____ play video games.
When his mother was young, she ____ skate but she can't do it any longer.
When I was young, I ____ play the guitar: it was too difficult for me!


Latihan soal would

If you had to make a choice, what ____ you decide on?
Do you think they ____ accept the invitation to the dinner?
Tomorrow I ____ do my best to exercise when I get home.
I ____ dive in this polluted river for any amount of money.
What do you think ____ happen at the meeting this afternoon?
I promise I ____ always be there when you need me.
If I have a good lunch today I ____ not eat much tonight.
I ____ like to go on a very long relaxing holiday.
I am certain I ____ be able to make it on time.
I didn't think the suspect ____ be acquitted by the jury.


Latihan soal must, have to, should

They ____ park here. There is a "NO PARKING" sign.
You have final exams tomorrow. You ____ study to get a good mark.
I think you ____ visit my parents this weekend. They say they miss you.
It's a casual event. We ____ wear formal dress.
All students ____ come to school at 7 a.m.
Your daughter ____ stop eating sweets. It's not good for her health.
Students ____ eat in classroom.
Keenan is getting married. He ____ be very happy. He smiles all day.
We ____ collect our project by tomorrow to get A in Biology.
You ____ eat more fruits and vegetables for your diet menu.