Perbedaan pure moda...

Perbedaan pure modals dan quasi (periphrastic) modals beserta contoh kalimatnya

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Modals adalah kata-kata seperti can, may; will, shall, must, could, might, would, could, dan lain-lain. Modals merupakan bagian dari kata bantu (auxiliary) yang fungsinya untuk mempertajam makna suatu kalimat. Modals biasanya digunakan untuk memperlihatkan persepsi atau pendapat pembicara akan sesuatu. Menurut bentuknya, modals digolongkan menjadi dua kelompok: pure modals (modals utuh) dan quasi/periphrastic modals (semi-modals).

Pure modals, seperti can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, dan would rather, diikuti bare infinitive (V 1—tanpa ‘to’). Saat mengungkapkan suatu keadaan atau situasi (saat kalimat tidak memiliki suatu kata kerja/verb), modal ini harus diikuti oleh kata ‘be’ (bentuk dasar dari to be).

Quasi/periphrastic modals, seperti have to, ought to, used to, be able to, be about to, be to, be supposed to, dan be allowed to, maknanya sama dengan pure modals, namun mayoritas dianggap verbs.

Silahkan lihat gambar berikut ini:

Contoh kalimat:

  • I will enter UNS after passing my senior high school, (modal + V)
  • You can ask me for help if you like, (modal + V)
  • She could be right, (modal + be)
  • I will be late. (modal + be)
  • You'll soon be able to watch almost all NFL games online.
  • Soon, you may not be allowed to carry laptops in check-in luggage.
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Latihan soal modals

X: David was absent yesterday. Do you have any idea where he was?
Y: I don’t know. He ____ attended a family business or something.
I searched for your house for ages. Luckily, I ____ find it in the end.
She ..... to finish the assignment before Friday.
Julian ____ play excellent golf when he was only ten.
If you are interested in human life, you ____ study biology.
"What should the country do to maintain self-sufficiency in rice?"
"It ..... double its rice production."
Look at this street, it is very muddy, it ____ have rained heavily last night.
“May I pay outside with my friends?”
”No, you ____ stay in bed until the fever is gone.”
He is coughing all the time. He ..... coughing tablets.
Alfred visited some countries in Asia, Europe, and America. He bought luxurious things for his wife and children. He ____ a lot of money.