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Pengertian kalimat perbandingan past conditional, rumus, dan contoh kalimatnya

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eko sumarsono
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Apa pengertian kalimat perbandingan past conditional dan bagaimana rumus serta contoh kalimatnya?

Past conditional (conditional type 3) adalah kalimat pengandaian yang menyatakan sesuatu yang bertentangan dengan apa yang telah terjadi/ sesuatu yang sudah berlalu.

Rumus:

If + subject 1 + past perfect + subject 2 + [ would, could, might ] + have V3/been

Contoh:

  • If I had known you were there, I would have written you a letter.
    (Kalau saja saya tahu kamu berada di sana, saya sudah mengirim surat padamu—ini bermakna saya tidak mengirim surat karena saya tidak tahu kamu berada di sana)
  • If you had asked me I would have told you the whole story.

Note:

  1. Unless = if not
    • You would not have won unless I had helped you = You would not have won if I had not helped you.
    • If you don’t go to her party, she will be very angry = Unless you go to her party, she will be very angry
  2. Conditional type 2 dan 3 (serta variasi inversinya) merupakan bahasan pada jenjang SMA. Bahasan dalam buku ini dapat dianggap sebagai pengantar atau pengenalan awal.