Aturan penggunaan m...

Aturan penggunaan modal "can, could, may, might, must" dan contohnya dalam bahasa Inggris

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Modal adalah bagian dari auxiliary (kata kerja bantu) sehingga dapat diperlakukan seperti kata kerja bantu. Adapun fungsinya memberikan tambahan arti pada kata kerja.

Modal selalu diikuti kata kerja bentuk 1 tanpa "to" (infinitive without to).



a. Menyatakan kemampuan (ability) Contoh : She can speak three languages

b. Menyatakan ijin (permission) Contoh : Can I borrow your dictionary?


Menyatakan kemampuan pada waktu lampau.

Contoh : She couldswim well when She was young.


  • Menyatakan ijin (permission) Contoh : May I read this book?
  • Menyatakan kemungkinan (possibility) Contoh : He may come late this morning


  • Bentuk lampau dari may Contoh : She said that I might go home early
  • Menyatakan kemungkinan besar (strong possibility). Contoh : She might be at home today.


  • Menyatakan kebutuhan (necessity) Contoh : We must eat nutrious food.
  • Menyatakan kesimpulan (conclusion) Contoh : He has been in England for year. He must speak English fluently

Modal perfect

Must + have + V-3

Untuk menyatakan suatu kepastian atau kesimpulan tentang sesuatu yang terjadi pada waktu lampau.
(past conclusion).
Contoh : The oil was frozen. It must have been very cold last night.

Might + have + V-3

Untuk menyatakan kemungkinan pada waktu lampau (past possibility).

Contoh : Lany came late this morning, she might hve missed the bus.

Should + have + V-3 = ought to + have + V-3

Untuk menyatakan saran yang seharusnya dilakukan pada waktu lampau (past suggestion).

Contoh :

Lena has an examination today but she saw the film last night, She should have been
studying for her exam.

Could + have + V-3

Untuk menyatakan kemampuan (capability) untuk melakukan sesuatu pada waktu lampau tetapi tidak

Contoh :

  • We didn’t go out last night ; we could have gone to the cinema but we decided to stay at home.
  • Mrs.Nancy was rich; she could have bought a motor car if she wanted.
Topic tags

Latihan soal could

In 1900, people ____ watch TV.
Her grandmother was bilingual: she ____ speak both English and Spanish.
In 1945, people ____ play video games.
When I was young, I ____ play the guitar: it was too difficult for me!
We ____ open the door: it was locked from the inside!
Mary's grandfather ____ play chess and he was the best!
When his mother was young, she ____ skate but she can't do it any longer.
Yesterday, Peter ____ do that exercise alone. So, he called me for help.
Last Sunday, we ____ take any photos in the museum: it was forbidden.
In 1950, people ____ use mobile phones.


Latihan soal modals

He ..... his homework by the time the teacher come to the class.
Why didn’t Charly apply for the job? He ..... gotten it.
If I have problems with my teeth, I think I ..... go to a dentist, not a veterinarian.
A : I wonder why Jenny didn’t answer the doorbell.
B : Well, I suppose she ..... been a sleep.
My brother break a glass in the kitchen, so he ..... clean it or he will be punished.
I can’t find my bag anywhere. I’m sure I ..... left it in my room.
A lot of students didn’t pass the English test yesterday. The test ..... difficult.
He went by bus, but he ..... by motorcycle.
You ..... T-shirt school. That is prohibited.
I have lived in England for two years, I ..... speak English fluently.


Latihan soal must, have to, should

Students ____ eat in classroom.
You ____ eat more fruits and vegetables for your diet menu.
I think you ____ visit my parents this weekend. They say they miss you.
All students ____ come to school at 7 a.m.
It's a casual event. We ____ wear formal dress.
We ____ collect our project by tomorrow to get A in Biology.
You have final exams tomorrow. You ____ study to get a good mark.
Keenan is getting married. He ____ be very happy. He smiles all day.
They ____ park here. There is a "NO PARKING" sign.
Your daughter ____ stop eating sweets. It's not good for her health.