Aturan penggunaan m...

Aturan penggunaan modal "can, could, may, might, must" dan contohnya dalam bahasa Inggris

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Modal adalah bagian dari auxiliary (kata kerja bantu) sehingga dapat diperlakukan seperti kata kerja bantu. Adapun fungsinya memberikan tambahan arti pada kata kerja.

Modal selalu diikuti kata kerja bentuk 1 tanpa "to" (infinitive without to).



a. Menyatakan kemampuan (ability) Contoh : She can speak three languages

b. Menyatakan ijin (permission) Contoh : Can I borrow your dictionary?


Menyatakan kemampuan pada waktu lampau.

Contoh : She couldswim well when She was young.


  • Menyatakan ijin (permission) Contoh : May I read this book?
  • Menyatakan kemungkinan (possibility) Contoh : He may come late this morning


  • Bentuk lampau dari may Contoh : She said that I might go home early
  • Menyatakan kemungkinan besar (strong possibility). Contoh : She might be at home today.


  • Menyatakan kebutuhan (necessity) Contoh : We must eat nutrious food.
  • Menyatakan kesimpulan (conclusion) Contoh : He has been in England for year. He must speak English fluently

Modal perfect

Must + have + V-3

Untuk menyatakan suatu kepastian atau kesimpulan tentang sesuatu yang terjadi pada waktu lampau.
(past conclusion).
Contoh : The oil was frozen. It must have been very cold last night.

Might + have + V-3

Untuk menyatakan kemungkinan pada waktu lampau (past possibility).

Contoh : Lany came late this morning, she might hve missed the bus.

Should + have + V-3 = ought to + have + V-3

Untuk menyatakan saran yang seharusnya dilakukan pada waktu lampau (past suggestion).

Contoh :

Lena has an examination today but she saw the film last night, She should have been
studying for her exam.

Could + have + V-3

Untuk menyatakan kemampuan (capability) untuk melakukan sesuatu pada waktu lampau tetapi tidak

Contoh :

  • We didn’t go out last night ; we could have gone to the cinema but we decided to stay at home.
  • Mrs.Nancy was rich; she could have bought a motor car if she wanted.
Topic tags

Latihan soal could

Yesterday, Peter ____ do that exercise alone. So, he called me for help.
In 1950, people ____ use mobile phones.
In 1945, people ____ play video games.
When his mother was young, she ____ skate but she can't do it any longer.
Mary's grandfather ____ play chess and he was the best!
We ____ open the door: it was locked from the inside!
When I was young, I ____ play the guitar: it was too difficult for me!
Last Sunday, we ____ take any photos in the museum: it was forbidden.
Her grandmother was bilingual: she ____ speak both English and Spanish.
In 1900, people ____ watch TV.


Latihan soal modals

A : I wonder why Jenny didn’t answer the doorbell.
B : Well, I suppose she ..... been a sleep.
He ..... his homework by the time the teacher come to the class.
I can’t find my bag anywhere. I’m sure I ..... left it in my room.
He went by bus, but he ..... by motorcycle.
I have lived in England for two years, I ..... speak English fluently.
You ..... T-shirt school. That is prohibited.
A lot of students didn’t pass the English test yesterday. The test ..... difficult.
Why didn’t Charly apply for the job? He ..... gotten it.
My brother break a glass in the kitchen, so he ..... clean it or he will be punished.
If I have problems with my teeth, I think I ..... go to a dentist, not a veterinarian.


Latihan soal must, have to, should

It's a casual event. We ____ wear formal dress.
Your daughter ____ stop eating sweets. It's not good for her health.
You have final exams tomorrow. You ____ study to get a good mark.
All students ____ come to school at 7 a.m.
You ____ eat more fruits and vegetables for your diet menu.
They ____ park here. There is a "NO PARKING" sign.
We ____ collect our project by tomorrow to get A in Biology.
I think you ____ visit my parents this weekend. They say they miss you.
Keenan is getting married. He ____ be very happy. He smiles all day.
Students ____ eat in classroom.