Pembentukan adjecti...

Pembentukan adjective present participle dan past participle beserta contoh penggunaanya pada kalimat

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Beberapa adjectives dalam bahasa Inggris dibentuk dari present participle (verb + akhiran "-ing") dan past participle (verb 3 / akhiran "-ed"). Penggunaannya keduanya juga berbeda.

Adjective present participle digunakan jika seseorang atau sesuatu menyebabkan keadaan yang digambarkan; sementara adjective past participle dipergunakan untuk menggambarkan bahwa seseorang atau sesuatu terkena dampak atau dalam keadaan seperti yang digambarkan. Kata sifat yang terbentuk dari present participle diterjemahkan dengan menambahkan awalan "me-" pada arti verb tersebut; sementara kata sifat yang terbentuk dari past participle diterjemahkan dengan bentuk dasar dari arti verb itu atau dengan menambahkan imbuhan "ke-an" atau "ter-" pada arti kata bersangkutan.

Berikut adalah beberapa adjectives berbentuk present participle (kiri) dengan pasangannya berupa past participle (kanan):

  • amusing >< amused
  • amazing >< amazed
  • annoying >< annoyed
  • astonishing >< astonished
  • boring >< bored
  • confusing >< confused
  • depressing >< depressed
  • disgusting >< disgusted
  • disappointing >< disappointed
  • embarrassing >< embarrassed
  • exhausting >< exhausted
  • exciting >< excited
  • fascinating >< fascinated
  • frightening >< frightened
  • horrifying >< horrified
  • interesting >< interested
  • satisfying >< satisfied
  • shocking >< shocked
  • surprising >< surprised
  • terrifying >< terrified
  • tiring >< tired
  • worrying >< worried

Contoh penggunaannya pada kalimat:

  • Jojon is amused because the cartoon is amusing.
    Jojon terhibur karena film kartun itu menghibur.
  • The cartoon is amusing so Jojon is amused.
    Film kartun itu menghibur sehingga Jojon terhibur.
  • Someone is frightened because something (or someone) is frightening.
    Seseorang ketakutan karena sesuatu (atau seseorang) menakutkan.
    • Budi is frightened by the thunder.
      Budi ketakutan oleh geledek.
    • Budi finds the thunder frightening.
      Budi merasa geledek menakutkan.
  • Are you frightened by a ghost?
    Apakah Anda takut hantu?
  • Did you see something frightening in the graveyard?
    Apakan Anda melihat sesuatu menakutkan di kuburan?
  • I turned off the television in the middle of the program.
    Saya mematikan televisi di tengah-tengah acara.
    • The program was boring.
      Acara itu membosankan.
    • I was bored with the program.
      Saya bosan dengan acara itu.
  • Rina is going to Kuningan next week. It has been long time since she went there.
    Rina akan ke Kuningan minggu depan. Dia sudah lama tidak pergi ke sana.
    • She is really excited about going.
      Dia betul-betul senang tentang kepergiannya itu.
    • It will be an exciting visit for her.
      Kepergian itu akan merupakan perjalanan yang menyenangkan buat Rina.
  • Bambang teaches Mathematics. It’s a difficult subject.
    Bambang mengajar Matematika. Matematika merupakan mata kuliah yang rumit.
    • He finds the subject exhausting.
      Dia merasa mata kuliah itu melelahkan.
    • He often feels he is exhausted to teach Matematics.
      Dia sering merasa kelelahan mengajar mata kuliah Matematika.
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Latihan soal adjectives

They all can speak English ____
It is important to write a ____ cover letter for a job resume.
He run the company very ____
You plants will grow ____ in spring and fall.
I want to be a ____ grammarian.
She looked really ____ without make up.
How do you write so ____ ?
I think they are ____ mechanical engineers.
I want to know how to do ____ on exams.
The service was ____


Latihan soal participles

Four of the ..... prisoners were caught by the police.
Suzy is happy , ____ many good friends in her new school. Every now and then, she invites them to her house to enjoy some pizzas.
After ..... the assignment, I continue helping my mother cooking for dinner.
Having found the bandits’ hideout, the Sherrif quickly asked his men to surround the place. Meanwhile, ____ that resistance was futile, three bandits came out and surrendered willingly.
Having switched off the light, ____
____ what to say, he remained silent.
Nobody has claimed the gold watch ____ in the dustbin. Honestly, I think the principal should just sell it and use the money tu fund our school renovation.
____ in a classy black Chanel dress, Camile became a sensation that evening.
Audrey found the story very amusing.
Bella was frowning at Dylan when he came up late, ____ that he had made her angry, he immediately apologized to her, promising that he would on time from then on.