Pembentukan adjecti...

Pembentukan adjective present participle dan past participle beserta contoh penggunaanya pada kalimat

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Beberapa adjectives dalam bahasa Inggris dibentuk dari present participle (verb + akhiran "-ing") dan past participle (verb 3 / akhiran "-ed"). Penggunaannya keduanya juga berbeda.

Adjective present participle digunakan jika seseorang atau sesuatu menyebabkan keadaan yang digambarkan; sementara adjective past participle dipergunakan untuk menggambarkan bahwa seseorang atau sesuatu terkena dampak atau dalam keadaan seperti yang digambarkan. Kata sifat yang terbentuk dari present participle diterjemahkan dengan menambahkan awalan "me-" pada arti verb tersebut; sementara kata sifat yang terbentuk dari past participle diterjemahkan dengan bentuk dasar dari arti verb itu atau dengan menambahkan imbuhan "ke-an" atau "ter-" pada arti kata bersangkutan.

Berikut adalah beberapa adjectives berbentuk present participle (kiri) dengan pasangannya berupa past participle (kanan):

  • amusing >< amused
  • amazing >< amazed
  • annoying >< annoyed
  • astonishing >< astonished
  • boring >< bored
  • confusing >< confused
  • depressing >< depressed
  • disgusting >< disgusted
  • disappointing >< disappointed
  • embarrassing >< embarrassed
  • exhausting >< exhausted
  • exciting >< excited
  • fascinating >< fascinated
  • frightening >< frightened
  • horrifying >< horrified
  • interesting >< interested
  • satisfying >< satisfied
  • shocking >< shocked
  • surprising >< surprised
  • terrifying >< terrified
  • tiring >< tired
  • worrying >< worried

Contoh penggunaannya pada kalimat:

  • Jojon is amused because the cartoon is amusing.
    Jojon terhibur karena film kartun itu menghibur.
  • The cartoon is amusing so Jojon is amused.
    Film kartun itu menghibur sehingga Jojon terhibur.
  • Someone is frightened because something (or someone) is frightening.
    Seseorang ketakutan karena sesuatu (atau seseorang) menakutkan.
    • Budi is frightened by the thunder.
      Budi ketakutan oleh geledek.
    • Budi finds the thunder frightening.
      Budi merasa geledek menakutkan.
  • Are you frightened by a ghost?
    Apakah Anda takut hantu?
  • Did you see something frightening in the graveyard?
    Apakan Anda melihat sesuatu menakutkan di kuburan?
  • I turned off the television in the middle of the program.
    Saya mematikan televisi di tengah-tengah acara.
    • The program was boring.
      Acara itu membosankan.
    • I was bored with the program.
      Saya bosan dengan acara itu.
  • Rina is going to Kuningan next week. It has been long time since she went there.
    Rina akan ke Kuningan minggu depan. Dia sudah lama tidak pergi ke sana.
    • She is really excited about going.
      Dia betul-betul senang tentang kepergiannya itu.
    • It will be an exciting visit for her.
      Kepergian itu akan merupakan perjalanan yang menyenangkan buat Rina.
  • Bambang teaches Mathematics. It’s a difficult subject.
    Bambang mengajar Matematika. Matematika merupakan mata kuliah yang rumit.
    • He finds the subject exhausting.
      Dia merasa mata kuliah itu melelahkan.
    • He often feels he is exhausted to teach Matematics.
      Dia sering merasa kelelahan mengajar mata kuliah Matematika.
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Latihan soal adjectives

I want to know how to do ____ on exams.
I think they are ____ mechanical engineers.
He run the company very ____
How do you write so ____ ?
It is important to write a ____ cover letter for a job resume.
You plants will grow ____ in spring and fall.
They all can speak English ____
She looked really ____ without make up.
I want to be a ____ grammarian.
The service was ____


Latihan soal participles

Who is ..... our coffee?
We saw the girl ..... the coconut tree.
Four of the ..... prisoners were caught by the police.
After ..... the assignment, I continue helping my mother cooking for dinner.
The building seems ..... since the owner left it five years ago.
..... to life imprisonment, the murderer of his family appealed to the higher court of justice.
Transmigration helps people from densely ..... areas to start a new life.
Being an artist, he always has meeting abroad. The underlined word means …
The girl ..... playing in the yard is my daughter.
The police have arrested the men ..... in the bank robbery.