Contoh penggunaan i...

Contoh penggunaan infinitive tanpa to dalam percakapan

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Masih sama seperti panduan di bagian contoh penerapan kalimat, bold digunakan untuk menandai penggunaan infinitive without to sekaligus objek yang melekat sebelumnya dan sesudah imbuhannya. Sementara itu, garisbawah yang terdapat pada tiap baris percakapan di bawah ini menandakan imbuhan sebelum infinitive without to maupun objek penjelasnya.

Tiap baris percakapan pun memiliki arti, dan penjelasan juga tersedia setelah contoh percakapan, sehingga learners sekalian dapat menjadikan contoh percakapan di bawah ini acuan untuk belajar segala sesuatu tentang infinitive without to:

Rika: I see those maniacal supporters cheering loudly… What are they up to?

(Rika: Aku melihat para suporter maniak itu bersorak dengan keras… Mereka mau apa sebenarnya?)

Rina: S-Sis! Those were not just supporters. They are the one who make our friends scatter all around the stadium!

(Rina: K-Kak! Mereka bukan hanya suporter. Mereka adalah kelompok yang membuat teman-teman kami tercerai-berai sekitar stadion!)

Rika: What do you mean?!

(Rika: Apa maksudmu?!)

Niki: *pulls on both of Rika and Rina’s hands* They might create more chaos if we stay. Let’s get over here!

(Niki: *menarik tangan Rika dan Rina* Mereka mungkin akan membuat lebih banyak kekacauan kalau kami tinggal. Mari pergi dari sini!)

Rika and Rina: T-Thanks a lot…

(Rika dan Rina: T-Terima kasih banyak…)

Contoh percakapan di atas memperlihatkan penggunaan infinitive without to berkategori imbuhan berbeda-beda. Misalnya, “create” (membuat) sebagai infinitive without to tanpa modifikasi yang langsung berada setelah salah satu jenis imbuhan berupa modal verb, yakni “might” (mungkin).

Ada juga infinitive without to yang harus didahului dengan objek sebelum benar-benar muncul. Bila learners sekalian melihat contoh percakapan, maka learners akan melihat “cheering” (bersorak, bentuk verb+ing dari “cheer” atau sorak) yang didahului masing-masing oleh kategori imbuhan pengindraan “see” (melihat) dan objek “those maniacal supporters” (para suporter maniak), dengan “maniacal” (maniak) sebagai adjective “pemanis” objek.

Selain itu, masih ada lagi infinitive without to dengan masing-masing objek penjelas dan imbuhan sebagai pendahulunya dalam contoh percakapan di atas, yakni “scatter” (tercerai berai) yang didahului masing-masing dengan “our friends” (teman-teman kami) dan “make” (membuat) sebagai salah satu jenis kategori imbuhan yang ada pada infinitive without to.

Sudah cukup jelas bukan, contoh penerapan infinitive without to dalam percakapan di atas dengan arti, panduan, dan penjelasannya? Paling tidak, kini kita juga sudah mengenal contoh penerapan dalam kalimat sebagaimana juga pengertian teoritis mengenai infinitive without to itu sendiri.

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Latihan soal conversations

Man: Hi Ira, congratulations on your promotion. It’s nice to know that you’ll be the new branch manager of this Bank. When are you going to Samarinda?
Woman: Reyhan, what a good friend you are. Thank you very much for your support and supposed to go to Samarinda before November 15 this year.
Man: Good luck then.
Why did the man congratulate the woman?
Man: I have been working since seven in the morning and now I’m exhausted.
Woman: Why don’t you take rest for a while?
How does the man feel?
Man: You look very happy. Is it good news?
Woman: Yeah… Guess what? I passed the SNMPTN.
Man: Oh really? That’s awesome! What faculty?
Woman: Medical faculty of Indonesian University.
Man: Wow! Marvelous. You’re going to study to become a doctor. You’ve deserve it, because you’ve been working hard.
Why was the woman look happy?
Man: Why you so sad?
Woman: My pet is lost, she has been missing for a whole day.
Man: You mean your kitty.
Woman: Yes.
What makes the woman sad?
Man: Nana wait! I have good news for you.
Woman: What about?
Man: Now, I’m not just an employee but I’m a manager.
Woman: That’s great! I’m happy to hear that you’ve succeeded in your career.
Man: Thank you, wish me luck.
What does the woman express?
Man: Where should we take a vacation to this year? Let’s decide soon.
Woman: Well, I’d like to go somewhere warm. How about the beach or we could rent a cabin by the lake.
Man: I think going to the lake must be better.
Woman: Ok dear.
What have they decided?
Woman: What do you think of my appearance. Do I look okay?
Man: Well, yes but it will be more elegant if you wear a long black dress.
Woman: Alright.
What is the dialogue about?
Man: Oh my god, this traffic is making me crazy.
Woman: Absolutely! I think there must be an accident.
Man: I think so too. It’s almost seven o’clock. We’ll be late for school.
Woman: We’d better tell our teacher that we’re coming late, because of the traffic. We hope and pray that traffic will be fine soon and we will not miss the first lesson.
Man: Okay, let’s call her.
What is the best solution they have?
Man: Excuse me, is this seat taken?
Woman: No, please sit down.
Man: By the way, what is the announcement about?
Woman: Flight ticket 505 to Denpasar is delayed.
What does the man ask the woman when he sees her?
Woman: What’s wrong mike? You look terrible.
Man: I have a terrible cough. I couldn’t sleep last night.
Woman: You should stop smoking. I’m sure, you’ll feel better soon.
Man: Maybe you’re right, this must be because of smoking.
What are they talking about?