Present Perfect Con...
 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Penggunaan dan Contohnya Dalam Kalimat  


Posts: 81
(@monarisa)
Trusted Member
Joined: 3 years ago

Present Perfect Continuous Tense pada umumnya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang telah mulai dilakukan atau telah mulai terjadi di waktu lampau dan masih terus berlangsung sampai sekarang.

Bentuk Present Perfect Continuous Tense akan lebih jelas jika menggunakan time signal “since” atau “for”.

Rumus pola kalimat yang digunakan adalah :

(+) Affirmative Sentence.

Subyek : I, You, We, They

Subyek + have + been + Verb 1 + ing

Subyek : He, She, It

Subyek + has + been + Verb 1 + ing

Contoh :

  • I have been walking for two hours.
    (Saya sudah berjalan selama dua jam)
  • She has been studying since six o’clock.
    (Dia telah belajar sejak jam enam)

(-) Negative Sentence.

Subyek : I, You, We, They

Subyek + have + not + been + Verb 1 + ing

Subyek : He, She, It

Subyek + has + not + been + Verb 1 + ing

Contoh :

  • I have not been walking for two hours.
    (Saya belum berjalan selama dua jam)
  • She has not been studying since six o’clock.
    (Dia belum belajar sejak jam enam)

Catatan :

  1.  Kalimat Negative dibentuk dengan menambahkan not sesudah have/ has.

(?) Interrogative Sentence.

Subyek : I, You, We, They

Have + subyek + been + Verb 1 + ing

Subyek : He, She, It

Has + subyek + been + Verb 1 + ing

Contoh :

  • Have you been walking for two hours?
    (Apakah kamu sudah berjalan selama dua jam?)
  • Has she been studying since six o’clock?
    (Apakah dia telah belajar sejak jam enam ?)

Catatan :

  1. Interrogative Sentence dibentuk dengan meletakkan have/has di depan subyek.
  2. Jawaban Interrogative Sentence dapat menggunakan Yes, ... atau No, Contoh :

Have you been walking for two hours?
(Apakah kamu sudah berjalan selama dua jam?)

Yes, I have been walking for two hours.
(Ya, saya telah sedang berjalan selama dua jam)

Yes, I have.
(Ya)

No, I haven’t been walking for two hours.
(Tidak, saya belum berjalan selama dua jam)

No, I haven’t.
(Tidak)

(?) Interrogative Sentence dengan Question Word.

Subyek : I, You, We, They

QW + have + subyek + been + Verb 1 + ing

Subyek : He, She, It

QW + has + subyek + been + kata kerja 1 + ing

Contoh :

  • What have you been doing since ten o’clock?
    (Apakah yang telah Anda kerjakan sejak jam sepuluh ?)

Catatan :

1. Jika Question-words menanyakan subyek atau menjadi subyek, maka susunannya:

QW + has + been + Verb 1 + ing

Contoh:

Who has been watching televison since six o’clock?
(Siapakah yang telah menonton televisi sejak jam enam?)

Karl has been watching televison since six o’clock.
(Karl yang telah menonton televisi sejak jam enam)

Karl has.
Karl.

2. Bentuk Present Perfect Continuous Tense dapat juga digunakan seperti bentuk Present Perfect Tense dengan arti yang sama.

Contoh :

  • I have lived here since 1990.
    I have been living here since 1990
    (Saya sudah tinggal di sini sejak tahun 1990)
  • He has waited for her for two hours.
    He has been waiting for her for two hours.
    (Dia telah menunggu dia selama dua jam)

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Time Signals (Keterangan Waktu)
--------------
Time Signal yang dapat digunakan dalam bentuk Present Perfect Continuous Tense adalah :

for ...
since ...
lately
recently
long
this week
the whole day
still
anymore
anylonger
(selama ...)
(sejak ...)
(akhir-akhir ini)
(baru-baru ini)
(lama)
(minggu ini)
(sepanjang hari ini)
(masih)
(tidak lagi)
(tidak lagi)