Penggunaan preposis...
 

Penggunaan preposisi "to" dan kesalahan yang sering terjadi  



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lidya mariska
(@lidya)
Active Member
Joined: 1 year ago
Posts: 10
08/10/2019 11:17 am  

Menurut kaidah tata bahasa Inggris, bila suatu kalimat dilengkapi dengan suatu verba 2, 3, atau lebih, di depan verba ke-2, ke-3, ke-4 harus didahului oleh preposisi "to" seperti contoh di bawah ini:

"I want to ask him to come to see me." (Saya ingin meminta dia datang mengunjungi saya.)

Perhatikan beberapa contoh kalimat berikut ini:

  • Don't forget bring a dictionary. -> salah
    Don't forget to bring a dictionary. -> benar
  • I will promise make her happy. -> salah
    I will promise to make her happy. -> benar
  • We don't know what make of his forceful plot. -> salah
    We don't know what to make of his forceful plot. _> benar
  • He authorizes me sell the shares. -> salah
    He authorizes me to sell the shares. -> benar
  • It's difficult abridge English grammar. -> salah
    It's difficult to abridge English grammar. -> benar

Contoh lainnya:

  • You have the ability to advance in your job. (Kamu mempunyai kecakapan untuk maju dalam pekerjaannmu.)
  • I have to seek my fortune in Jakarta. (Saya harus mengadu nasib di Jakarta.)
  • If you want to help her, that's all the better. (Jika kamu mau menolongnya, malah lebih baik.)
  • It's going to rain. (Hari akan hujan.)
  • He is trying to avoid her. (Ia mencoba menghindari dia.)
  • I want to arrive before midnight. (Saya ingin datang sebelum tengah malam.)
  • Do you know how to graft many varieties of apples. (Apakah kamu tahu cara mengenten macam-macam apel.)
  • Let's ask him to join us. (Mari minta dia untuk ikut serta dengan kita.)

Ada pengecualian apabila kalimat tersebut terdapat konjungsi misalnya pada kalimat majemuk. Di sini anak kalimat setelah konjungsi dianggap kalimat baru, sehingga ada verba yang tidak perlu didahului oleh preposisi "to".

Contoh:

  • I want to ask him to come to see me because (induk kalimat) I have something to say. (anak kalimat)

(Saya ingin meminta dia datang mengunjungi saya sebab (induk kalimat) saya ingin mengatakan sesuatu. (anak kalimat))

Kalimat ".... because I have something to say" tidak ditulis "....because I to have something to say", verba have dianggap verba ke-1 seperti halnya "want".

Sekian.


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markes widodo
(@markes)
Trusted Member
Joined: 2 years ago
Posts: 96
11/10/2019 3:12 am  

thanks @lidya


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