Pengertian Passive Voice, Rumus, dan Contoh Kalimatnya Dalam Semua Tenses
Active Voice (kalimat aktif) merujuk pada subject (pelaku) melakukan pekerjaan. Sedangkan Passive Voice (kalimat pasif) subject (pelaku) dikenakan pekerjaan. Berikut ini penjelasannya lebih lanjut.
A. Apa itu Passive Voice
Passive voice merupakan struktur kalimat penulisan dalam bahasa Inggris yang mana subject (pelaku) dari kalimat tersebut dikenakan suatu pekerjaan. Passive voice tidak hanya ada dalam bahasa Inggris saja, dalam bahasa Indonesia kita mengenal Kalimat Pasif dengan perubahan yang sangat simple yaitu imbuhan di- / ter-. Misalkan Rini membaca sebuah novel (kalimat aktif) novel dibaca oleh Rini (kalimat pasif). Tetapi semudah itu kah perubahan dari Active Voice ke Passasive Voice?
Pola Passive Voice
Perubahan active voice ke passive voice tidak semudah perubahan kalimat aktif ke dalam kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Indonesia.
S + Be + Verb-3 + By Agent
Verb-3: Kata kerja bentuk ketiga
By Agent: Pelaku
- Rini reads Novel. (Active Voice)
- Novel is read by Rini. (Passive Voice)
[to be] [V3] [by agent]
Dalam pembuatan kalimat passive voice, kita tidak akan lepas dengan yang namanya tenses. Yup, karena dalam penentuan 'to be' pada kalimat passive voice tergantung pada tenses kalimat aktifnya.
|Tenses||Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|Simpe Present||He buys a novel.||A novel is bought by him.|
|Present Continous||He is buying a novel.||A novel is being bought by him.|
|Present Perfect||He has bought a novel.||A novel has been bought by him.|
|Present Perfect Continous||He has been buying a novel.||A novel has been being bought by him.|
|Simple Past||He bought a novel.||A novel was bought by him.|
|Past Continous||He was buying a novel.||A novel was being bought by him.|
|Past Perfect||He had bought a novel.||A novel had been bought by him.|
|Past Perfect Continous||He had been buying a novel.||A novel had been being bought by him.|
|Simple Future||He will buy a novel.||A novel will be bought by him.|
|Future Continous||He will be buying a novel.||A novel will be being bought by him.|
|Future Perfect||He will have bought a novel.||A novel will have been bought by him.|
|Future Perfect Continous||He will have been buying a novel.||A novel will have been being bought by him.|
He steals the television. (active voice)
the television is stolen by him. (passive voice)
I am beautiful.
He is sad.
They were tired.
I sleep there.
He arraives at home.
Lack (kurang) : Your mother lacks tact.
Fit (pas) : My shoes don't fit me.
Suit (Cocok) : This dress suits me well.
Have (memiliki) : They have a nice house.
Resemble (mirip) : Sylvia resembles a Greek goddness.
This house was built by my grandfather.
This great novel was written by JJ. Tolkien.
A lot of money was stolen in the robbery. (Tidak diketahui pelakunya)
The road is cleaned everyday. (Tidak terlalu penting pelakunya)
Semoga bermanfaat 🙂