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Pengertian noun cla...
 

Pengertian noun clause, proses pembentukan, dan contoh kalimatnya


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 Yola Destya
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Apa pengertian noun clause dan bagaimana proses pembentukan serta contoh kalimatnya?

Saat posisi subjek atau objek dari suatu kalimat dikembangkan menjadi anak kalimat (klausa), maka klausa yang menempati posisi seperti ini adalah S+P yang diawali that/whether/ QW , selanjutnya klausa seperti ini disebut noun clause. Noun clause yang mendapat awalan that (bahwa) akan menyatakan suatu fakta; awalan whether (apakah) menyatakan pilihan atau penegasan; dan question word akan menyatakan makna sesuai dengan makna dari question word (kata tanya) yang dipakai—misalnya why (mengapa): alasan, how (bagaimana) cara/keadaan, dll.

Susunan noun clause harus selamanya dalam bentuk affirmative/ pernyataan.

Contoh:

  • Do all citizens(S)
  • know(P)
  • it(O)
  • ?

Unsur objek dapat dikembangkan misalnya menjadi:

  • Do all citizens(S)
  • know(P)
  • what their right(S)
  • are(P)

, (bukan ... what are their right), gabungan their right are merupakan O

  • Something(S)
  • annoys(P)
  • the teacher(O)
  • very much.

Unsur subjek dapat dikembangkan misalnya menjadi:

  • That Fini(S)
  • always comes late(P)
  • annoys(P)
  • the teacher very much(O).

Gabungan That Fini(S) always comes late(P) bisa merupakan S.

  • I(S)
  • want to know(P)
  • the matter(O).

Unsur objek dapat dikembangkan misalnya menjadi:

I(S)

wanted to know

(P) from whom Setiawan(S)

heard the news(P).

Gabungan whom Setiawan(S) heard the news(P) merupakan O.

  • The problem(S)
  • has not been decided yet(P).

Unsur subjek dapat dikembangkan misalnya menjadi:

  • Whether the company(S)
  • will open(P)
  • a new branch(O)
  • in Bandung(Adverb)
  • has not been decided yet(P).

Kata-kata kerja (verb) yang sering diikuti noun clause dalam posisi objek:

  • agree
  • feel
  • promise
  • suppose
  • ask
  • guess
  • remember
  • tell
  • be afraid
  • hear
  • say
  • teach
  • believe
  • hope
  • see
  • think
  • decide
  • imagine
  • show
  • understand
  • expect
  • know
  • to be
  • be worried
  • explain
  • learn
  • sorry
  • wonder

Contoh:

  • I hope that Fini will come with me tonight.
  • Ratu thinks that I did it.
  • She wonders if I could see her again.
  • Do you know what she is doing now?
  • Prabu hoped that she would answer his letter.
  • She believed that I had done all these.
  • Nunik asked where I came from.

Mohon dicermati:

Question= Where will the meeting take place?
Noun clause= She asks where the meeting will take place.

Question= Why did the plane land at the wrong place?
Noun clause= The authorities can’t figure out why the plane landed at the wrong place.

Question= Where did he go?
Noun clause= Do you know where he went?

Question= What time is it?
Noun clause= Can you tell me what time it is.

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Catatan:

S= Subyek

P= Predikat

O= Obyek

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