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Past Future Perfect Tense, Penggunaan dan Contohnya Dalam Kalimat  


Posts: 71
(@monarisa)
Trusted Member
Joined: 2 years ago

Past Future Perfect Tense pada umumnya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu pengandaian pada waktu lampau, yang semestinya akan telah terjadi apabila pada saat itu suatu syarat telah dipenuhi.
------------
1. Verbal Sentence (Kalimat Verbal).
------------
Rumus pola kalimat yang digunakan adalah :

(+) Affirmative Sentence.

Subyek I, We, You, The, He, She, It

Subyek + should/would + have + Verb 3

Contoh :

  • I should have visited my uncle if I had gone to Jakarta.
    (Saya akan sudah mengunjungi pamanku seandainya saya telah pergi ke Jakarta)
  • She would have passed the exam if she had studied more seriously.
    (Dia akan sudah lulus ujian seandainya dia telah belajar lebih serius)

(-) Negative Sentence.

Subyek I, We, You, The, He, She, It

Subyek + should/would + not + have + Verb 3

Contoh :

  • I should not have visited my uncle if I had not gone to Jakarta.
    (Saya belum akan mengunjungi pamanku seandainya saya belum pergi ke Jakarta)
  • She would not have passed the exam if she had not studied more seriously.
    (Dia belum akan lulus ujian seandainya dia belum belajar lebih serius)

(?) Interrogative Sentence.

Subyek I, We, You, The, He, She, It

Should/would + subyek + have + Verb 3

Contoh :

  • Should I have visited my uncle if I had gone to Jakarta?
    (Apakah saya akan sudah mengunjungi pamanku seandainya saya telah pergi ke Jakarta ?)
  • Would she have passed the exam if she had studied more seriously?
    (Dia akan sudah lulus ujian seandainya dia telah belajar lebih serius?)

Catatan :

  1. Negative Sentence dibentak dengan menambahkan not sesudah should/ would.
  2. Interrogative Sentence dibentak dengan meletakkan should/would di depan subyek.
  3. Should not dapat disingkat menjadi shouldn’t, dan would not dapat disingkat menjadi wouldn’t.

---------
2. Nominal Sentence (Kalimat Nominal)
---------
(+) Affirmative Sentence

Rumus pola kalimat yang digunakan adalah :

Subyek I, We, You, The, He, She, It

Subyek + should/would + have + been + Non Verb

Contoh :

  • We should have been lawyers if we had studied hard.
    (Kami akan sudah menjadi para dokter seandainya kami telah belajar giat)
  • He would have been happy if he had married his girl-friend.
    (Dia akan sudah bahagia seandainya dia telah menikahi pacarnya)

(-) Negative Sentence

Rumus pola kalimat yang digunakan adalah :

Subyek I, We, You, The, He, She, It

Subyek + should/would + not + have + been + Non Verb

Contoh :

  • We should not have been lawyers if we had not studied hard.
    (Kami belum akan menjadi para dokter seandainya kami belum belajar giat)
  • He would not have been happy if he had not married his girlfriend.
    (Dia belum akan bahagia seandainya dia belum mengawini pacarnya)

(?) Affirmative Sentence

Rumus pola kalimat yang digunakan adalah :

Subyek I, We, You, The, He, She, It

Should/would + subyek + have + been -I- Non Verb

Contoh :

  • Should we have been lawyers if we had studied hard?
    (Apakah kami akan sudah menjadi para dokter seandainya kami telah belajar giat?)
  • Would he have been happy if he had married his girl-friend?
    (Apakah dia akan sudah bahagia seandainya dia telah mengawini pacarnya ?)

Catatan:

  1. Negative Sentence dibentuk dengan cara menambahkan not sesudah should/would.
  2. Interrogative Sentence dibentuk dengan cara meletakkan should/would di depan subyek.

--------
Time Signals (Keterangan Waktu)
--------
Time Signals yang sering digunakan dalam bentuk Past Future Perfect Tense ialah :

Past future perfect + if + past perfect

Contoh :

  • I should have passed the exam if I had studied hard.
    (Saya akan sudah lulus ujian seandainya saya telah belajar giat)