Kegunaan, pola, dan...
 

Kegunaan, pola, dan contoh kalimat past perfect continuous tense


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Topic starter
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Fungsi

Berikut ini fungsi past perfect continuous tense:

1. Menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang terjadi di masa lampau dan masih berlanjut sampai ada kegiatan lain yang membuat kegiatan tersebut terhenti.

Contoh:

  • We had been playing soccer when the accident occurred. (Kami telah sedang bermain sepak bola ketika kecelakaan itu terjadi.)

Pada contoh di atas, subject telah sedang bermain bola kaki, pada saat subject telah sedang bermain bola, ada sebuah kecelakan terjadi yang membuat si subject menghentikan aktifitasnya.

2. Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang dilakukan pada masa lampau yang mempunyai hubungan sebab akibat (cause and effect).

Contoh:

  • I was so tired. I had been revising my lessons for hours.

Pada contoh di atas, “I was tired / saya lelah” merupakan akibat dari “I had been revising my lesson/saya telah sedang merevisi pelajaran-pelajaran saya selama berjam-jam”.

Pola kalimat past perfect continuous tense

Positif: Subject + had + been + Ving

Negative: Subject + had + not + been + Ving

Interogatif: Had + Subject + been + Ving + ? 

Contoh:

  • (+) I had been working when she called me.
  • (-) I had not been working when she called me.
  • (?) Had you been working when she called you?
  • (+) She had been sleeping.
  • (-) She had not been sleeping.
  • (?) Had she been sleeping? Yes, she had/ No, she had not