Contoh penggunaan c...
 

Contoh penggunaan conjunctions because, as, since, for, because of as result of, due to, owing to, dan thanks to dalam kalimat


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Kata hubung yang merangkai dua atau lebih pernyataan sebab-akibat dengan menyodorkan akibat terlebih dahulu dan kemudian diikuti pernyataan yang menunjukkan penyebab lazimnya dirangkai dengan kata karena, sebab, lantaran, berkat. Kata hubung karena, sebab, lantaran yang dirangkai dengan suatu pola klausa/kalimat dinyatakan dengan because, as, since, for, sementara kata hubung karena, sebab, lantaran yang terangkai dengan suatu pola frase/segmen dinyatakan dengan because of as result of, due to, owing to, dan thanks to. Due to dan thanks to juga dapat berarti berkat.

Berikut adalah beberapa contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat:

  • Hari-hari terasa singkat, karena ini bukanlah bulan Desember.
    The days were short, as/for/since/because it was not December.
    The days were short, because of not December.
  • Karena tujuan dari Caucasians realistis, tensi-tensi emosional teredam.
    Because the goals of the Caucasians are realistic, emotional tensions are reduced.
  • Karena berat badannya, dia tidak dapat lari dengan cepat.
    As a result of her weight, she could not run very fast.
  • Saya tidak ngobrol dengannya karena saya lupa namanya.
    I didn’t speak to him since I did not remember his name.
  • Karena cuaca buruk, penerbangan ditangguhkan.
    Due to/because of the bad weather, the flight is postponed.
  • Tabrakan itu disebabkan oleh kelengahannya dalam mengemudi.
    The smash up was due to his careless driving.
  • Kami berhenti di rumah makan, karena kami belum makan sejak kemarin.
    We stopped at a restaurant, for we had not eaten since yesterday.
  • Karena sakit, dia tidak mengikuti perkuliahan.
    Owing to his illness, she didn’t attend the course.
  • Berkat bantuan Prof. Alwasilah, saya dapat menyelesaikan tesis saya.
    Thanks to/Owing to Prof. Alwasilah’s helps, I could finish my thesis.

Kata hubun for jika dirangkai dengan pola klausa/kalimat akan memiliki arti karena/sebab; dan manakala dirangkai dengan jumlah waktu (seperti two hours, seven months, dst) memiliki arti selama, sementara bila terangkai dengan suatu kata benda/ penunjuk orang (kamu, saya) akan memiliki arti untuk.

Kata hubung since selain memiliki arti karena juga dapat berarti sejak manakala diikuti kalimat yang menyatakan awal suatu peristiwa.

Kata hubung as bila diikuti pola klausa/kalimat akan memiliki arti baik karena maupun ketika, sementara bila terangkai dengan pola frase/segmen akan memiliki arti sebagai/ seperti.




Latihan soal because

I came here ____ I want to talk to you.
Sorry! I am late ____ the traffic.
She got the best grades ____ she had worked hard.
Paul had a terrible accident ____ he was driving fast.
He couldn't run ____ his old age.
Leila left early ____ she was tired.
The meeting was postponed ____ the bad weather.
They were looking for a Japanese restaurant ____ they wanted to eat sushi for dinner.
Their new product didn't sell well ____ its poor quality.
I couldn't attend the meeting ____ I was very ill.

 



Latihan soal conjunctions

____ I had planned everything carefully, a lot of things went wrong.
We lost all the match ____ we were the dreaming team.
____ not having eaten for three days, I am not starving.
The heating was full on, but ____ this the house was still cold.
I couldn’t sleep ____ I was tired.
____ it rained a lot, we enjoyed our holiday.
____ being very tired, we carried on walking.
____ all my careful plans, a lot of things went wrong.
I love music ____ I can’t play any musical instrument.
Setiawan decided to give up his job ____ I advised him not to.

 

























Latihan soal since or for

 
Where have you been working ____ you had your master's degree?
I have lived in London ____ three years.
Leila has been a nurse ____ 1999.
I have been teaching ____ a long time.
What have you been doing ____ you left your last job?
He has known her ____ they were five years old.
We haven't met ____ our last year at high school.
He has had his new laptop ____ a month.
The kids have been on vacation ____ two weeks.
The shop has been closed ____ Monday.