Contoh penggunaan c...
 

Contoh penggunaan conjunctions because, as, since, for, because of as result of, due to, owing to, dan thanks to dalam kalimat


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Kata hubung yang merangkai dua atau lebih pernyataan sebab-akibat dengan menyodorkan akibat terlebih dahulu dan kemudian diikuti pernyataan yang menunjukkan penyebab lazimnya dirangkai dengan kata karena, sebab, lantaran, berkat. Kata hubung karena, sebab, lantaran yang dirangkai dengan suatu pola klausa/kalimat dinyatakan dengan because, as, since, for, sementara kata hubung karena, sebab, lantaran yang terangkai dengan suatu pola frase/segmen dinyatakan dengan because of as result of, due to, owing to, dan thanks to. Due to dan thanks to juga dapat berarti berkat.

Berikut adalah beberapa contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat:

  • Hari-hari terasa singkat, karena ini bukanlah bulan Desember.
    The days were short, as/for/since/because it was not December.
    The days were short, because of not December.
  • Karena tujuan dari Caucasians realistis, tensi-tensi emosional teredam.
    Because the goals of the Caucasians are realistic, emotional tensions are reduced.
  • Karena berat badannya, dia tidak dapat lari dengan cepat.
    As a result of her weight, she could not run very fast.
  • Saya tidak ngobrol dengannya karena saya lupa namanya.
    I didn’t speak to him since I did not remember his name.
  • Karena cuaca buruk, penerbangan ditangguhkan.
    Due to/because of the bad weather, the flight is postponed.
  • Tabrakan itu disebabkan oleh kelengahannya dalam mengemudi.
    The smash up was due to his careless driving.
  • Kami berhenti di rumah makan, karena kami belum makan sejak kemarin.
    We stopped at a restaurant, for we had not eaten since yesterday.
  • Karena sakit, dia tidak mengikuti perkuliahan.
    Owing to his illness, she didn’t attend the course.
  • Berkat bantuan Prof. Alwasilah, saya dapat menyelesaikan tesis saya.
    Thanks to/Owing to Prof. Alwasilah’s helps, I could finish my thesis.

Kata hubun for jika dirangkai dengan pola klausa/kalimat akan memiliki arti karena/sebab; dan manakala dirangkai dengan jumlah waktu (seperti two hours, seven months, dst) memiliki arti selama, sementara bila terangkai dengan suatu kata benda/ penunjuk orang (kamu, saya) akan memiliki arti untuk.

Kata hubung since selain memiliki arti karena juga dapat berarti sejak manakala diikuti kalimat yang menyatakan awal suatu peristiwa.

Kata hubung as bila diikuti pola klausa/kalimat akan memiliki arti baik karena maupun ketika, sementara bila terangkai dengan pola frase/segmen akan memiliki arti sebagai/ seperti.




Latihan soal because

 
He couldn't run ____ his old age.
I came here ____ I want to talk to you.
I couldn't attend the meeting ____ I was very ill.
She got the best grades ____ she had worked hard.
The meeting was postponed ____ the bad weather.
Paul had a terrible accident ____ he was driving fast.
They were looking for a Japanese restaurant ____ they wanted to eat sushi for dinner.
Sorry! I am late ____ the traffic.
Leila left early ____ she was tired.
Their new product didn't sell well ____ its poor quality.

 



Latihan soal conjunctions

 
He met with an accident ……. he was driving too fast.
Before she started her summer run, Alicia ____ her shoelaces, applied sunscreen, and increased the volume on her iPod.
Learning to play a musical instrument often motivates a child to be disciplined and fucused, ____ it can impart a feeling of social worth.
Everyone in this company likes Mrs. Kowalski. She has proven herself to be a sincere, hardworking, and ____ supervisor.
The earthquake in Bali not only damaged thousands of local houses but also ____.
My brother neither ____ nor took care of me when I was in the hospital.
Irma didn’t want to continue her study ____ took a job instead.
The ten o’clock bus was late ____ I took another bus.
..... her sickness, She didn’t go to the supermarket
My mother ____ I went to the market for shopping.

 

























Latihan soal since or for

 
I have been teaching ____ a long time.
He has had his new laptop ____ a month.
I have lived in London ____ three years.
Where have you been working ____ you had your master's degree?
We haven't met ____ our last year at high school.
He has known her ____ they were five years old.
What have you been doing ____ you left your last job?
The kids have been on vacation ____ two weeks.
Leila has been a nurse ____ 1999.
The shop has been closed ____ Monday.