Contoh penggunaan a...
 

Contoh penggunaan article / kata sandang dalam kalimat dan percakapan


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Article atau kata sandang bahasa Inggris terletak di depan kata benda tertentu maupun kata benda yang tidak tentu. Oleh karena itu, kata sandang terdiri atas 2 macam, yaitu indefinite article (kata sandang tak tentu) dan definite article (kata sandang tertentu)

A. Indefinite Article (Kata Sandang Tak Tentu)

Indefinite article adalah kata sandang yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan beneda yang belum jelas (tidak terfokus pada satu benda tertentu). Indefinite article yang biasa dipakai adalah “a” atau “an” yang menunjukkan arti satu atau sebuah.

Contoh Pemakaian “a” dan “an

1. Kata sandang “a” digunakan untuk kata benda yang awal suku katanya memiliki bunyi konsonan (bunyi mati).

  • a cat = seekor kucing
  • a boy = seorang anak laki-laki
  • a table = sebuah meja
  • a letter = sepucuk surat
  • a pencil = sebuah pensil
  • a pen = sebuah pena

2. Kata sandang “an” digunakan untuk kata benda yang awal suku katanya memiliki bunyi vokal (bunyi hidup: a, i, u, e, dan o).

  • an umbrella = sebuah payung
  • an hour = Satu jam
  • an apple = sebuah apel
  • an actor = seorang aktor
  • an egg = sebutir telur
  • an honest boy = seorang anak laki-laki yang jujur

Catatan penting:

Biasanya kata sandang “a” dan “an” dipakai untuk kata benda yang bisa dihitung dalam bentuk tunggal (singular).

Aplikasi Indefinite Article dalam Percakapan

Dialog 1 

A : What do you use for writing?
(Apa yang Anda gunakan untuk menulis?)

B : I use a pen for writing.
(Saya menggunakan pena untuk menulis.)

Dialog 2

A : How many hours do you usually read newspaper?
(Berapa jam biasanya Anda membaca koran?)

B : Usually, I read newspaper for an hour.
(Biasanya, saya membaca koran selama satu jam.)

Dialog 3

A : Do you like apple?
(Apakah Anda suka apel?)

B : Yes I do. Usually, I eat an apple after lunch.
(Ya, biasanya saya makan sebuah apel sesudah makan siang.)

Dialog 4

A : What is your brother?
(Apa pekerjaan kakak laki-lakimu?)

B : He is an actor.
(la seorang aktor.)

Dialog 5

A : What are you doing now?
(Apa yang sedang Anda lakukan sekarang?)

B : I am writting a letter.
(Saya sedang menulis sepucuk surat.)

Contoh Pemakaian a dan an dalam Ungkapan yang Tidak Perlu Diterjemahkan

  • to make a noise = membuat keributan
  • to make a scene = membuat kegaduhan
  • to make a report = membuat laporan
  • to make a change = membuat perubahan
  • to make a call = menelepon
  • to make a visit = mengunjungi
  • to make a mistake = membuat kesalahan
  • to make a name for oneself = membuat seseorang menjadi terkenal
  • to make a will = membuat surat wasiat
  • to make a fortune = menjadi kaya
  • to make an experiment = membuat percobaan
  • to make an impression = membuat kesan
  • to make an attempt = mencoba/berusaha
  • to make a bed = membereskan tempat tidur
  • to make a goal = mencetak gol
  • to make a trip = mengadakan perjalanan
  • to make a distinction = membuat perbedaan
  • to make a point of = mengutamakan
  • to make an end of = menyelesaikan
  • to make a hash of = merusak
  • to make a mock of = menertawakan
  • to make a mock at = memandang rendah/hina
  • to make a clean breast of = menyatakan dengan jujur
  • to make a clean sweep of = menyapu bersih (karyawan yang tidak baik)

B. Definite Article (Kata Sandang Tertentu)

Pemahaman Definite Article

Definite article adalah kata sandang yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan benda yang sudah jelas (terfokus pada satu benda tertentu). Definite article yang biasa dipakai adalah “the” yang menunjukkan arti itu atau tersebut.

Di dalam satu kalimat, “the” biasanya digunakan ketika menunjukkan atau menjelaskan suatu benda yang tadinya belum jelas. Agar lebih mudah dimengerti.

Aplikasi Definite Article dalam Percakapan

Dialog 1

A : What did your father buy yesterday?
(Apa yang ayahmu beli kemarin?)

B : My father bought a new car yesterday.
(Ayah saya membeli mobil baru kemarin.)

A : Where is the car now?
(Di mana mobil itu sekarang?)

B : The car is in front of my house now.
(Mobil tersebut ada di depan rumah saya sekarang.)

Dialog 2

A : whose pencil is on the table?
(Pensil siapa di atas meja itu?)

B : The pencil on the table is mine.
(Pensil di atas meja itu adalah milik saya.)

Dialog 3

A : Who is the old woman at your house?
(Siapa perempuan tua di rumahmu?)

B: The old woman at my house is my grand mother.
(Wanita tua di rumah saya adalah nenek saya.)

Pemakaian the Menurut Aturan Tertentu

Nama benda satu-satunya

the sky = langit
the sun = matahari
the world = dunia
the earth = bumi
the moon = bulan
the pyramids = piramida

Nama kebangsaan/orang secara kolektif

the Javanese = orang Jawa
the Indonesian = orang Indonesia
the English = orang Inggris
the Dutch = orang Belanda
the Swiss = orang Swis
the French = orang Prancis
the American = orang Amerika

Nama hotel

the Indonesia Hotel = Hotel Indonesia
the City Hotel = Hotel City
the Grand Hyatt Hotel = Hotel Grand Hyatt
the Garden Hotel = Hotel Garden
the Jayakarta Tower Hotel = Hotel Jayakarta Tower

Nama sekolah

the SMUTriGuna = SMUTriGuna
the SMU Sumbangsih = SMU Sumbangsih
the STM Poncol = STM Poncol
the SMK Muhamadiyah = SMK Muhamadiyah
the SMU TanahAir = SMU Tanah Air
the University of Indonesia = Universitas Indonesia
the Open University = Universitas terbuka
the University of London = Universitas London

Nama rumah makan (restaurant)

the Setia Budi Restaurant = Rumah Makan Setia Budi
the Sinar Surya Restaurant = Rumah Makan Sinar Surya
the Balibu Restaurant = Rumah Makan Balibu

Nama museum

the Cajah Museum = Museum Gajah
the Adam Malik Museum = Museun Adam Malik
the Subak Museum = Museum Subak

Nama partai politik

the Conservative Party = Partai Konservatif
the Liberal Party = Partai Liberal
the Democratic Party = Partai Demokrat

Nama sungai

the Ciliwung = Sungai Ciliwung
the Congo = Sungai Kongo
the Tigris = Sungai Tigris

Nama kitab

the koran = Alquran
the Bible = Kitab Injil
the Ramayana = Kitab Ramayana

Nama kepulauan (kumpulan pulau)

the Malay Archipelago =  Kepulauan Melayu
the Philippine Island = Kepulauan Pilipina
the Hawaiian Island =  Kepulauan Hawai

Nama laut, kanal, dan samudra

the Panama canal = Terusan Panama
the Java Sea = Laut Jawa
the Atlantic Ocean = Samudra Atlantik

Nama Pegunungan

the Urals = Pegunungan Ural
the Himalayas = Pegunungan Himalaya
the Andes = Pegunungan Andes

Catatan tambahan:

The” juga dipakai untuk nama-nama kapal, organisasi yang bukan singkatan, teater dan nama negara-negara yang berbentuk jamak (misal: the Netherlands).

Semoga artikel ini membantu kalian dalam memahami Penggunaan Kata Sandang (Article) dalam Bahasa Inggris

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 suha
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