Latihan soal UN bahasa Inggris SMP kelas 9 (part 2)


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Text 11

Commodore Yosaphat Yos Sudarso (24 November 1925 - 15 January 1962) was an Indonesian naval officer who was killed at the Battle of Arafura Sea. At the time of his death, Yos Sudarso was deputy chief of staff of lndonesian Navy and he was in charge of the action to infiltrate Dutch New Guinea.

The Battle near Etna Bay of the Arafura Sea stopped an attempt by the Indonesian Navy to drop off 150 soldiers in Kaimana in Dutch New Guinea to provoke the local people against the Dutch. Sudarso was in charge of the operation at sea. Three torpedo boats left the Aru Islands in the middle of the night but were stopped by a Dutch plane, as the Dutch warship anticipated the action for weeks. The Dutch Evertsen ship then joined and sank the KRI Macan Tutul, commanded by Sudarso. The other two ships -Macan Kumbang and Harimau- escaped, but one hit a reef and the other was shot. The Evertsen warship was able to save most occupants of the Macan Tutul, but at least three sailors died, among Macan Tutul and Harimau whom was commodore Sudarso. Before his death, he cried out the fighting spirit.

The action itself was a failure, but it opened new ways to free the Dutch New Guinea. The battle is now commemorated as Sea Sacrifice Day in Indonesia, an annual nationwide day of remembrance. Twelve years after his death, Yos Sudarso was officially awarded the title of lndonesian national hero.

(Adapted from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yos_Sudarso)

1. What did Evertsen crew members do after they sank KRI Macan Tutul ?
2. "KRI Macan Tutul and Harimau escaped, ... " (paragraph 2) The underlined word is closed to the meaning to ____
3. Having anticipated for lndonesian's sea operation for weeks, the Dutch held ____ Indonesian torpedo boats near Etna Bay.

Text 12

BISMARCK - HENNING Jr. HIGH
ANNOUNCEMENT
MAY 23rd, 2018


All students who are going on the field trip tomorrow morning, please leave your belongings in your locker and gather in the front lobby at 09:00 a.m. All you need is a bottle of water and your extra money.

All students are responsible for making up any school work that will be missed that day.

4. The announcement is written with the purpose to ____
5. Students have an obligation to ____

Teks 13

A young lion prince was born in Africa to the Lion King, Mufasa. His parents named him Simba. Simba's birth made his uncle, Scar, the second in line to the throne. His presence made his cruel uncle envious that he had a bad idea to destroy them. Scar plotted with the hyenas to kill King Mufasa and Prince Simba, to make himself a king.

The decision day came at last. The King was killed and Simba was led to believe that it was his fault that the king was murdered. This left the kingdom in shame. Simba felt guilty about his father death so that he decided to live in exile.

While the uncle ruled with iron hands, the Prince grew up beyond the Savannah, living by a philosophy "leave no worries for the rest of your days". Simba and his friends sang a song entitled "Hakuna Matata", a Swahili phrase from Kenya which roughly means "no worries to any problems," whenever they face difficulties.

When his past came to haunt him, the young Prince had to decide his fate: would he remain an outcast, or face his demons and become what he needed to be? After years in exile, he was persuaded to return home to bring down Scar and claimed the kingdom as his own, completing the "Circle of Life" with the help of his friends, Timon and Pumbaa. Eventually, righteous defeated evil. Simba succeeded to take over the Kingdom from his uncle and became the king. He was a wise king just like his father.

6. This text is mainly about ____
7. Which characteristic best describes Simba ?
8. The underlined word in ".... he was persuaded to return home to bring down .... " in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ____

Teks 14

Dorothy Hodgkin was a British chemist. She was born on May 12, 1910, in Cairo, Egypt. Her determination to study the structure of penicillin and vitamin brought her the 1964 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Her work on critical discoveries of the structure of both penicillin and later insulin led to significant improvements in health care.

Dorothy Hodgkin was the eldest of four sisters whose parents worked in North Africa and the Middle East as archaeologists. She was sent to England for her education, therefore she spent much of her childhood away from her parents. But it was her mother who especially encouraged Hodgkin to pursue her interest in crystals that she first displayed at age 10.

Dorothy Hodgkin studied at a state secondary school in the small town of Suffolk. She fought to be allowed to study science along with the boys. She succeeded and was later accepted in 1928 to pursue a degree in chemistry at University of Oxford. She was one of the first scientists who studied the structure ofan organic compound by using X-ray crystallography.

An Australian pathologist, Howard Florey, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology on Medicine with Alexander Fleming and his colleagues at Oxford succeeded in isolating penicillin. He asked Hodgkin to solve its structure. By l945 she did her job. Hodgkin's work on penicillin was recognized by the Royal Society, Britain's premier scientific academy, in 1947. That was only two years after a woman had been elected for the first time.

(source: https://www.britannica.com/)

9. What had Dorothy Hodgkin done to get the Nobel Prize ?
10. Where did Dorothy and the boys study science ?

 

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