Perbedaan gerund da...

Perbedaan gerund dan present participle serta contoh kalimatnya

Posts: 5
Topic starter
Joined: 4 months ago

Gerund dan present participle sama-sama memiliki kata berakhiran "-ing", lantas apa perbedaannya?

Perbedaan gerund serta present participle hanyalah satu hal yaitu gerund merupakan kata benda, sedangkan present participle bisa menjadi kata sifat serta kata kerja. Gerund itu kata benda, sedangkan present participle bukan.

Saya akan memberikan Anda penjelasan sederhana mengenai kedua hal ini. Semoga bisa dimengerti dengan baik.


Peran gerund sebagai kata benda tentu bisa bermacam-macam di dalam kalimat. Sebagai kata benda, ia bisa menjadi subjek, objek, dan pelengkap. Berikut ini contohnya:

Gerund sebagai subjek

  • Swimming is my hobby.
  • Eating too much is a bad habit.
  • Speaking is my favorite subject in English Department.

Gerund sebagai objek

  • Do you like shopping?
  • Why did you hate playing video games?
  • I choose running rather than staying.

Gerund sebagai complement (pelengkap)

  • Talking too much is your habit.
  • My favorite activity is listening to the music.

Present Participle

Fungsi dari present participle ada dua yaitu sebagai kata kerja dan kata sifat. Fungsinya sebagai kata kerja yaitu terletak pada continous tense, dimana present participle bersama auxiliary verbs (is, am, are, have) membentuk kata kerja utuh di dalam suatu kalimat.

Present Participle Sebagai Kata Kerja

  • I am talking with you, not with him.
  • Are you joking?
  • I was smiling when she called me.
  • She has been waiting for you since three days ago.

Present Participle Sebagai Kata Sifat

  • The boys talking in the class had made the teachers angry.
  • I love this snowing session.
  • That smiling girl is my girlfriend.
  • I don’t know why I trapped with those annoying people.

Present participle sebagai kata sifat berfungsi untuk menjelaskan atau mendeskripsikan kata benda. Kata talking (berbicara) berfungsi menjelaskan kata benda The boys (anak laki-laki). Sehingga kalau ada orang yang bertanya, “anak laki-laki yang mana”? Maka jawabannya adalah “anak laki-laki yang berbicara di kelas”.

Smiling girl artinya gadis yang tersenyum. Smiling merupakan kata sifat yang menjelaskan kata benda girl.

Annoying people artinya orang-orang yang menjengkelkan. Sehingga kata annoying merupakan kata sifat yang menjelaskan kata benda people.

1 Reply
Posts: 9
Joined: 1 year ago

Thank you very much


Latihan soal gerunds

We started ____ dinner without you.
She gets used to ..... near the airport?
I used ____ that television show all the time.
My hobby is .....
I dislike ____ to the movies by myself.
I was interested in ..... more about your work.
When do you practise ____ the piano?
My grandfather used ____ his hummingbirds three times a day.
I am used ____ her in a bad mood.
We promise ____ in touch with our clients.


Latihan soal participles

____ in a classy black Chanel dress, Camile became a sensation that evening.
"Who was released from prison in Beijing?"
"Wei Jingsheng ____ political opponent."
The police have arrested the men ..... in the bank robbery.
He had ____ smoking before his stroke.
I had my car ____ recently.
Nobody has claimed the gold watch ____ in the dustbin. Honestly, I think the principal should just sell it and use the money tu fund our school renovation.
There’s been some very ____ news this week. The one that caought my attention the most is United States finally launching his Tomahawk missile to Syria.
X: I just got fired. The company is in crisis, so they have to let go some employees.
Y: Cheer up. Don’t feel so ____. There are plenty of other jobs waiting for you.
Who is ..... our coffee?
____ by not more than 40 families. Kampung Naga is unique village in West Java.