Penjelasan seputar ...
 

Penjelasan seputar prepositional collocation, jenis, dan contohnya (Part 4)


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h. in

  • believe in= percaya akan, mempercayai
  • confide in= mempercayai
  • engage in= sibuk dengan
  • excel in=mengungguli, unggul
  • participate in= ambil bagian, mengikutsertakan
  • succeed in= berhasil

Contoh:

  • I do believe in you.
  • You are to confide in my loyalty.
  • Only few delegates participated in PON 13.
  • She has succeeded in getting scholarship to study in STK1P Sembrani Kuningan.

i. into

  • change into= berubah, berganti, menjelma
  • resolve into= berubah
  • transform into= mengubah bentuk
  • turn into= berubah menjadi
  • crash/bump into= menubruk
  • run into= bertemu secara kebetulan
  • drive into= menubruk
  • divide/cut/split (something) into = membagi/memecah

Contoh:

  • He lost control of the car and crashed into a wall.
  • Water changes into vapor when it is heated in 159°.
  • The engines can transform heat into energy.

j. over

  • rule over = memerintah, menguasai

Contoh:

  • A tyrant rules over his people with an iron hand.

3. PARTICIPLES+PREPOSITIONS

a. at

  • alarmed at = gelisah, khawatir
  • amused at = merasa senang dengan
  • astonished at = heran
  • confused at = bingung

b. by

  • amazed by/at= terpesona oleh
  • asthonished by/=tercengang oleh
  • shocked by/at= terkejut oleh
  • troubled by= mendapat kesulitan dengan
  • afflicted by= menderita
  • delighted by= gembira
  • irritated by= mendongkol, terganggu
  • surprised by= heran
  • impressed by/with= terkesan

c. in

  • absorbed in = sibuk
  • interested in = tertarik akan

d. with

  • crowded with = sesak dengan
  • fed up with = jenuh akan
  • pleased with = senang akan
  • concerned with = tenang, mengenai
  • acquainted with = kenal
  • disappointed with = kecewa
  • annoyed with = jengkel
  • occupied with = sibuk dengan
  • satisfied with = puas dengan
  • pleased with = senang dengan
  • bored with = bosan dengan
  • delighted with = sengan akan

e. to

  • indebted to = berhutang budi
  • suited to = cocok, sesuai
  • accustomed to = biasa

f. for

  • qualified for = berhak

g. from

  • tired from = lelah karena

h. of

  • ashamed of = malu akan
  • tired of = lelah akan

i. about

  • excited about = terpesona/terangsang oleh
  • worried about = khawatir akan
  • upset about = marah akan

Contoh:

  • Everybody was shocked surprised by/at the news.
  • Come on, Let’s go! I’m tired of waiting.
  • She was troubled by her two younger sons.
  • Rainto is highly qualified for that job.
  • I am not satisfied with your service.
  • Ann is upset about not being invited to the party.

4. Noun + Preposition

a. for

  • a cheque for = cek senilai
  • a demand/a need for = kebutuhan akan
  • a reason for = alasan atas

b. in

  • a rise in = kenaikan dalam
  • an increase in = kenaikan dalam
  • a fall/decrease in = penurunan dalam

c. of

  • an advantage of = keuntungan/manfaat dari
  • disadvantage of = mudorat dari
  • a casue of = penyebab dari
  • a photograph/a picture of = gambar/foto dari

d. to

  • damage to= kerusakan akan
  • an invitation to= undangan untuk
  • a reaction to= reaksi terhadap
  • a solution to= penyesalan akan
  • key to= kunci dari
  • answer to=jawaban dari
  • a reply to= jawaban atas
  • an attitude to/towards= sikap terhadap

e. with

  • a reationship with = keterhubungan dengan
  • a connection with = keterhubungna dengan
  • contact with = hubungan dengan

Contoh:

  • They sent me a cheque for Rp 267.000.000,-
  • The firm closed down because there wasn’t enough demand for its product.
  • The train was late but no one knew the reason for the delay.
  • The key to exercise 1 is on page 23.
  • There has been an increase in road accident recently.
  • The advantage of living alone is that you can do anything what you like.
  • Nobody knows what the cause of the explosion was.
  • I always keep a photograph of my first girl in my wallet.
  • The accident was my fault, so I paid for the damage to the other car.
  • Did you get an invitation to Ratu’s party?
  • I was surprised at his reaction to what I said.
  • The answer to your question is ‘NO’.
  • His attitude to/towards his job is very negative.
  • Do you have a good relationship with your parents?
  • Police want to question a man in connection with the robbery.

5. Preposition + Noun

a. by

  • by cheque= dengancek 9a pay by cheque)
  • by accident= tidak sengaja
  • by mistake= tidak sengaja
  • by chance= kebetulan

b. in

  • in (my) opinion = menurut pendapat saya
  • (pay) in cash = kontan
  • (tobe/fall) in love with = jatuh cinta

c. on

  • on fire = terbakar
  • on the telephone/phone =lewat telepon/di telepon
  • on television/radio = di tv/radio
  • on holiday = sedang berlibur
  • on business = dalam perjalanan usaha
  • on a trip = sedang bepergian
  • on a tour = sedang jalan-jalan
  • on excursion = sedang berdarmawisata
  • on a cruise = sedang bepergian
  • on an expedition = sedang dalam ekspedisi
  • (tobe/go) on diet = berdiet
  • (tobe/go) on strike = mogok

d. for

  • for breakfast/lunch/dinner = untuk sarapan/makan siang/makan malam
  • (to go/to come) for walk = jalan-jalan
  • (to go/to come) for a swim = pergi berenang
  • (to go/to come) for drink = pergi minum

Contoh:

  • Did you pay by cheque or in cash?
  • We hadn’t arranged to meet. W(e met by chance.
  • Have you ever been in love with anyone?
  • In my opinion the film wasn’t very good.
  • Look! That car is on fire.
  • I’ve never met her but I’ve spoken to her on phone.
  • I didn’t watch the match on television. I listened to it on the radio.
  • I’ve put on a lot of weight. I’ll have to go on diet.
  • There are no trains today. The railway workers are on strike.
  • Prabu is away now. He is on holiday in Kuningan.
  • She goes for a walk with her dog in the morning.
  • What did you have for lunch?




















Latihan soal prepositions

There is a bridge ..... the river.
We live ..... Indonesia.
I have been waiting for you ..... six o'clock.
What are you doing ..... the afternoon?
Mona is playing badminton ..... Sunday.
She don't like walking alone in the street ..... night.
Her Mother birthday is ..... May.
Who is the person ..... this picture?
Joni has been living in Jogja ..... five years.
Mona's birthday is ..... the 7th of December.