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Penjelasan seputar ...
 

Penjelasan seputar prepositional collocation, jenis, dan contohnya (Part 4)


indah kartika handayani
Posts: 28
Topic starter
Joined: 2 years ago

h. in

  • believe in= percaya akan, mempercayai
  • confide in= mempercayai
  • engage in= sibuk dengan
  • excel in=mengungguli, unggul
  • participate in= ambil bagian, mengikutsertakan
  • succeed in= berhasil

Contoh:

  • I do believe in you.
  • You are to confide in my loyalty.
  • Only few delegates participated in PON 13.
  • She has succeeded in getting scholarship to study in STK1P Sembrani Kuningan.

i. into

  • change into= berubah, berganti, menjelma
  • resolve into= berubah
  • transform into= mengubah bentuk
  • turn into= berubah menjadi
  • crash/bump into= menubruk
  • run into= bertemu secara kebetulan
  • drive into= menubruk
  • divide/cut/split (something) into = membagi/memecah

Contoh:

  • He lost control of the car and crashed into a wall.
  • Water changes into vapor when it is heated in 159°.
  • The engines can transform heat into energy.

j. over

  • rule over = memerintah, menguasai

Contoh:

  • A tyrant rules over his people with an iron hand.

3. PARTICIPLES+PREPOSITIONS

a. at

  • alarmed at = gelisah, khawatir
  • amused at = merasa senang dengan
  • astonished at = heran
  • confused at = bingung

b. by

  • amazed by/at= terpesona oleh
  • asthonished by/=tercengang oleh
  • shocked by/at= terkejut oleh
  • troubled by= mendapat kesulitan dengan
  • afflicted by= menderita
  • delighted by= gembira
  • irritated by= mendongkol, terganggu
  • surprised by= heran
  • impressed by/with= terkesan

c. in

  • absorbed in = sibuk
  • interested in = tertarik akan

d. with

  • crowded with = sesak dengan
  • fed up with = jenuh akan
  • pleased with = senang akan
  • concerned with = tenang, mengenai
  • acquainted with = kenal
  • disappointed with = kecewa
  • annoyed with = jengkel
  • occupied with = sibuk dengan
  • satisfied with = puas dengan
  • pleased with = senang dengan
  • bored with = bosan dengan
  • delighted with = sengan akan

e. to

  • indebted to = berhutang budi
  • suited to = cocok, sesuai
  • accustomed to = biasa

f. for

  • qualified for = berhak

g. from

  • tired from = lelah karena

h. of

  • ashamed of = malu akan
  • tired of = lelah akan

i. about

  • excited about = terpesona/terangsang oleh
  • worried about = khawatir akan
  • upset about = marah akan

Contoh:

  • Everybody was shocked surprised by/at the news.
  • Come on, Let’s go! I’m tired of waiting.
  • She was troubled by her two younger sons.
  • Rainto is highly qualified for that job.
  • I am not satisfied with your service.
  • Ann is upset about not being invited to the party.

4. Noun + Preposition

a. for

  • a cheque for = cek senilai
  • a demand/a need for = kebutuhan akan
  • a reason for = alasan atas

b. in

  • a rise in = kenaikan dalam
  • an increase in = kenaikan dalam
  • a fall/decrease in = penurunan dalam

c. of

  • an advantage of = keuntungan/manfaat dari
  • disadvantage of = mudorat dari
  • a casue of = penyebab dari
  • a photograph/a picture of = gambar/foto dari

d. to

  • damage to= kerusakan akan
  • an invitation to= undangan untuk
  • a reaction to= reaksi terhadap
  • a solution to= penyesalan akan
  • key to= kunci dari
  • answer to=jawaban dari
  • a reply to= jawaban atas
  • an attitude to/towards= sikap terhadap

e. with

  • a reationship with = keterhubungan dengan
  • a connection with = keterhubungna dengan
  • contact with = hubungan dengan

Contoh:

  • They sent me a cheque for Rp 267.000.000,-
  • The firm closed down because there wasn’t enough demand for its product.
  • The train was late but no one knew the reason for the delay.
  • The key to exercise 1 is on page 23.
  • There has been an increase in road accident recently.
  • The advantage of living alone is that you can do anything what you like.
  • Nobody knows what the cause of the explosion was.
  • I always keep a photograph of my first girl in my wallet.
  • The accident was my fault, so I paid for the damage to the other car.
  • Did you get an invitation to Ratu’s party?
  • I was surprised at his reaction to what I said.
  • The answer to your question is ‘NO’.
  • His attitude to/towards his job is very negative.
  • Do you have a good relationship with your parents?
  • Police want to question a man in connection with the robbery.

5. Preposition + Noun

a. by

  • by cheque= dengancek 9a pay by cheque)
  • by accident= tidak sengaja
  • by mistake= tidak sengaja
  • by chance= kebetulan

b. in

  • in (my) opinion = menurut pendapat saya
  • (pay) in cash = kontan
  • (tobe/fall) in love with = jatuh cinta

c. on

  • on fire = terbakar
  • on the telephone/phone =lewat telepon/di telepon
  • on television/radio = di tv/radio
  • on holiday = sedang berlibur
  • on business = dalam perjalanan usaha
  • on a trip = sedang bepergian
  • on a tour = sedang jalan-jalan
  • on excursion = sedang berdarmawisata
  • on a cruise = sedang bepergian
  • on an expedition = sedang dalam ekspedisi
  • (tobe/go) on diet = berdiet
  • (tobe/go) on strike = mogok

d. for

  • for breakfast/lunch/dinner = untuk sarapan/makan siang/makan malam
  • (to go/to come) for walk = jalan-jalan
  • (to go/to come) for a swim = pergi berenang
  • (to go/to come) for drink = pergi minum

Contoh:

  • Did you pay by cheque or in cash?
  • We hadn’t arranged to meet. W(e met by chance.
  • Have you ever been in love with anyone?
  • In my opinion the film wasn’t very good.
  • Look! That car is on fire.
  • I’ve never met her but I’ve spoken to her on phone.
  • I didn’t watch the match on television. I listened to it on the radio.
  • I’ve put on a lot of weight. I’ll have to go on diet.
  • There are no trains today. The railway workers are on strike.
  • Prabu is away now. He is on holiday in Kuningan.
  • She goes for a walk with her dog in the morning.
  • What did you have for lunch?