Penjelasan seputar ...
 

Penjelasan seputar prepositional collocation, jenis, dan contohnya (Part 3)

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indah kartika handayani
Posts: 28
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(@indah)
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Bagaimana contoh prepositional collocation bahasa Inggris?

2. VERB+PREPOSITIONS

a. at

  • aim (something) at= bertujuan
  • arrive a= tiba di
  • glance at= memandang sekilas, melirik
  • laugh at= mentertawakan, tertawa
  • look at= melihat
  • point at= menunjukkan, mengarahkan
  • shudder at= merasa ngeri
  • smile at= tersenyum kepada
  • stare at= memandang, menatap, memelototi

Contoh:

  • The train arrives at the station on time.
  • I keep glancing at her but she doesn’t give any response.
  • Don’t laugh at me, I am really annoyed.
  • Do you think girl smiling at me?
  • Don’t stare at me like that I’m afraid?

b. of

  • accuse (someone) of = menuding, menuduh
  • beware of= berhati-hati, hati-hati
  • conform of= setuju dengan
  • consent of=menyetujui, setuju
  • consist of=terdiri dari
  • approve of= setuju, menyetujui
  • dispose of= membuang
  • die of (an ilness)=mati karena (penyakit)
  • dream of (doing something)
  • dream about (something)= memikirkan, membayangkan, memimpikan
  • think of = memikirkan, memperkirakan
  • take care of = menjaga

Contoh:

  • Prabu accused Ratu of being selfish.
  • Beware of your head.
  • ‘What did he die of?’— ‘A heart attack.’
  • The group consists of four boys and three girls.
  • The boss approved of my proposal.
  • You are the girl I’m dreaming of.
  • Have a nice holiday. Take care of yourself.

c. for

  • ask (someone) for (something) = bertanya
  • blame (someone) for (something)
  • apply for = melamar
  • call for = datang mengambil, menjemput
  • care for = memelihara, mengasuh
  • leave (a place) for = berangkat/meninggalkan
  • look for = mencari
  • pray for = mendoakan, berdoa
  • search for = mencari/menyelidiki
  • wait for = menunggu

Contoh:

  • I wrote to the company asking them for more information about the job.
  • The police is searching for the escaped prisoner.
  • I think this job would suit you. Why don’t you apply for it?
  • I promise to call for her at the station so I have to go now.
  • My mother cares of me thoroughly.
  • I have been looking for you. Where have you been?
  • I will wait for you here until you come with a car.

d. to

  • apologize to (someone) for (something) = meminta maaf
  • belong to = milik
  • complain to (someone) about (something) = mengeluh kepada (seseorang) tentang (sesuatu)
  • explain (something) to = menjelaskan (sesuatu) kepada
  • happen to= menimpa
  • listen to= mendengarkan
  • object to= berkeberatan
  • point to= menunjukkan
  • reply to= menjawab
  • subscribe to= berlangganan
  • married to= nikah dengan
  • engaged to= bertunangan dengan
  • write to= menulis untuk/berkirim surat kepada

Contoh:

  • When I realized I was wrong,. I apologized to him for my mistake.
  • Linda is married to an American.
  • This house belongs to me.
  • Ratu’s parents wouldn’t consent to her marrying a foreigner.
  • The children are listening to a radio.
  • I object to your going so soon.
  • The needle in a compass points to the north.
  • I hope you will reply to my letter sooner.

e. on

  • agree on = setuju akan sesuatu
  • agree (with) = setuju dengan seseorang
  • call on = singgah, mampir
  • congratulate (someone) on (doing something) = mengucapkan selamat
  • concentrate on = berkonsentrasi pada
  • count on = mengharapkan
  • depend on = bergantung pada
  • land on = mendarat
  • impose on = memperdayakan (seseorang), mengganggu
  • insist on = menekankan, bertahan pada pendirian
  • live on = mempertahankan hidup
  • operate on = mengoperasi, membedah
  • rely on = mempercaya
  • resolve on = memutuskan

Contoh:

  • Don’t look out the window. Concentrate on your work!
  • Every body agrees on an early start.
  • I agreed with you to cancel the trip.
  • She called on me last night but I was not at home.
  • Solving this problems will depend on our will.
  • Ratu insisted on taking me to a good restaurant.
  • Never rely on such liar!

f. with

  • associate with = menghubungkan dengan
  • charge (someone) with = mendenda/mendakwa
  • collide with = bertubrukan dengan
  • coincide with = bertepatan dengan
  • cooperate with = bekerjasama dengan
  • deal with = menghadapi, memperlakukan
  • unite with = bersatu dengan

Contoh:

  • There was an accident this morning. A bus collided with a car.
  • If we talk about Challenger, it will be associated with space exploration.
  • Your wedding party coincided with Idul Adha.
  • I want all my employees to cooperate with one another to build a good team work.
  • Indonesian people should unite with one another.

g. from

  • absatain from = tidak memberi suara (dalam pemilihan).
  • differ from = membedakan, berbeda dengan
  • emerge from = muncul, timbul
  • escape from = melarikan diri, lolos, lepas dari
  • free from = melarikan diri, meloloskan diri dari
  • recover from = sembuh dari
  • suffer from = menderita karena
  • withdraw from = mengundurkan diri, menarik kembali

Contoh:

  • He abstained from voting.
  • Sundanese differs from Javanese in the way to treat other people.
  • Every once in a while we saw the dolphin emerge from the water.
  • The accused escaped from prison by bribing the guard.
  • Soeharto recovered from his illness after being treated for almost one year in Pertamina Hospital.
  • The child suffers from earache.