Penjelasan seputar ...
 

Penjelasan seputar prepositional collocation, jenis, dan contohnya (Part 2)


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d. in

  • efficient in = tepat guna
  • rich in = kaya akan
  • successful in = berhasil dalam

Contoh:

  • The machines has been very efficient in increasing the product.
  • Indonesia is rich in art and culture.
  • The astronauts were successful in landing on the moon.

e. with

  • angry with (someone) = marah kepada (seseorang); angry about (something) = marah tentang/akan (sesuatu)
  • annoyed with (someone) = tersinggung akan; anoyed about (something) = tersinggung akan (sesuatu)
  • furious with (someone) = marah pada; furious about = marah tentang
  • content with = puas dengan
  • familiar with = mengetahui, akrab dengan
  • patient with = sabar dengan
  • bored/fed up with = bosan/jenuh

Contoh:

  • What are you angry/annoyed about?
  • They were fuirous with me for not inviting them to the party.
  • Are you familiar with the guys in red?
  • Don’t be angry with me, I don’t mean to harm you.
  • Are you content with your present salary?
  • Mothers should be patient with the heavy households.
  • You get bored/fed up with doing the same thing everyday.

f. of

  • nice/kind/good of (someone to do something) = kebaikan seseorang
  • generous of (someone to do something) = kedermawanan seseorang
  • stupid/silly (someone to do something) = ketololan seseorang
  • intelligent/clever (someone to do something) = kepintaran seseorang sensible (someone to do something) = kepekaan seseorang
  • polite (someone to do something) = kesopanan seseorang
  • rude (someone to do something) = kekasaran seseorang
  • (tobe) nice/kind/good/generous/mean/(im)polite/rude/(un)pleasant/(un)friendly/cruel to someone.
  • afraid/frightened/terrified/scared of = takut akan
  • aware of = sadar akan/waspada akan
  • ashamed of = malu akan
  • capable of = sanggup/bisa
  • incapable of = tidak bisa/sanggup
  • careful of = hati-hati akan
  • certain of = yakin, pasti akan
  • conscious of = sadar akan
  • fond of = gemar akan
  • full of = penuh dengan
  • glad of = gembira akan
  • ignorant of = bodoh akan, tidak tahu innocent of = tak bersalah akan jealous of = cemburu akan
  • proud of = bangga akan
  • short of = kekurangan
  • suspicious of = curiga akan
  • envious of = iri hati akan

Contoh:

  • Thank you. It’s very nice of you to help me. (Anda baik sekali)
  • She has always been very nice to me. (baik pada saya)
  • I am not afraid of being rematched against Mike Tyson.
  • Sea divers should be aware of sharks.
  • Be careful of what you do.
  • The students are certain of getting good marks in linguistics course.
  • Are you conscious of how people will regard such behaviour?
  • Kids are usually fond of candy.
  • I am always proud of my father.
  • Why are you always so jelous of other people?
  • I’m sure you are capable of passing the exams.
  • I am a bit short of money. Can you lend me some?

g. to

  • acceptable to = dapat diterima
  • appropriate to = tepat, cocok
  • faithful to= setia kepada
  • friendly to= ramah terhadap, baik hati kepada
  • kind to= baik hati, ramah kepada
  • loyal to= setia kepada
  • bedient to= patuh kepada
  • pleasant to= menyenangkan
  • polite t= sopan kepada
  • rude to= kasar kepada
  • similar to= mirip, serupa dengan
  • strange to= aneh, ganjil
  • true to= setia, taat kepada

Contoh:

  • Is my behavior acceptable to Sundanese customs?
  • A dog is very faithful to its master.
  • Sundanese are always friendly to guests and visitors.
  • You are very kind to me.
  • Subordinates should be loyal to their supervisors.
  • Your bag is similar to mine.
  • The Indonesians are no longer strange to west-life style.




















Latihan soal prepositions

Joni has been living in Jogja ..... five years.
There is a bridge ..... the river.
What are you doing ..... the afternoon?
Mona's birthday is ..... the 7th of December.
Her Mother birthday is ..... May.
She don't like walking alone in the street ..... night.
I have been waiting for you ..... six o'clock.
Who is the person ..... this picture?
Mona is playing badminton ..... Sunday.
We live ..... Indonesia.